From the archives. I found this blog post in my drafts and, although from a couple of years ago, the theme of global competencies continues to grow in importance in the development of young people.
Arne Duncan’s special message to NAFSA, the Association of International Educators, providing support for the work that is done to promote global learning that develops the skills and competencies to play an effective role in our rapidly changing world.
A global education is part of everything we do in schools. The interconnectedness of the world is such that we have now more effectively moved beyond the boundaries of the classroom in the development of values that will enable our children, and ourselves, to live more carefully and more curiously now and in the future.
Towards a global literacy.
It is a journey and, if it hasn’t already (which it probably has if you think about it), I suggest 3 simple steps that can be taken to further develop understanding of the world beyond our borders. This is a global literacy. Equipping our young people (and ourselves) with the language, knowledge and understanding to reach out and make the most of the world in which we live.
- Scratch the surface. Even in leafy Hertfordshire, a class discussion on family trees or around traditions – particularly interesting at Christmas, Easter or Diwali – will often quickly uncover relatives who were born overseas. Naturally, care needs to be taken over children’s stories, yet carefully handled, family history, traditions and culture can help children recognise the diversity that exists amongst themselves.
- Fly the flag. A flagpole is great, but any public display space can carry a regularly rotating image or a flag. Whether, linked to a school’s own international projects or simply for developing general knowledge, a flag makes a fantastic talking point – see Roman Mars on TED.com for example. You will also know what vexillology means!
- Use the enthusiasm of others. Not only within your own staff team, but also connect with what teachers are willing to do in other locations. Making links through the British Council Connecting Classrooms initiative very quickly, in my experience, returns contacts from schools in other countries. The enthusiasm and sheer will that I have discovered in school teachers and leaders is humbling. With just a little organisation, some ICT, photos and letters children can come face-to-face with each other in very different locations. In addition, I have found that just by starting this process, the interest of colleagues in travel has emerged, voluntarily, to support the physical connections that make linking schools so much more effective.
As a start (or rather, the continued promotion of global education) these are just a few of many simple things that can kick start discussion and development at school. Once these conversations start, whether they are in the classroom or between colleagues, the motivation and momentum will increase. And you will probably find yourself nominated global learning coordinator. Now wouldn’t that be a good thing!
What really sets a school apart?
Although this is another in a very infrequent series of posts based on lists, it highlights the simple message at the heart of a successful school. Colin Harris, writing the TES last November, recognises that it is love – for and of school – that lies at the heart of a successful school.
Paraphrasing Mr Harris, below is a distillation of the seven things that he feels make a good school and underpin the sense of love that pervades successful schools.
- Positive relationships throughout the whole community – teacher-pupil, pupil-pupil, teacher-parent, etc.
- Key values can be seen all around
- High expectations are pervasive, from the quality of the building to the quality of work being presented
- Teachers are dedicated to those in their care
- Behaviour is excellent, because the structures are understood by everyone.
- Staff are allowed to take risks to get the best from the pupils
- Strong leadership is present – in the literal sense as well as the figurative
Forest bathing – Wikipedia. I think this actually works…#Mindfulness #in #press @psychologyzoe http://bit.ly/2plRmAG from http://twitter.com/neiljones
Baselines don’t lead to predictions. They guide the next steps. A map has a scale and a key but you have to be on the path to understand the terrain. Each half term in the classroom, for example, you take way markers to keep you on the right path. Regular, reasonable, manageable assessment of progress shapes a child’s learning. Without establishing how far or how fast progress is being made, the next steps cannot readily be planned.
An article in the TES last week points to the consultation that is starting in the UK over baseline testing at Reception (4 years old). That this debate has never gone away, is telling, so to is the fact that despite numerous attempts no agreed solution has been found. Providers of assessment materials have themselves pointed to the steep challenges that are presented in finding a meaningful way of assessing progress – and predicting future outcomes – in children so young.
All the same, working out where children are and where they are going is essential. It is necessary in informing parents and carers of how well a child is progressing in, and engaging with, the school environment. It is necessary for accountability, whether for the quality of teaching and professional development (appraisal or performance) or the success or otherwise of curriculum planning and resource management, i.e. budget allocation.
Collecting data is fine; let’s get over it. It’s obviously not the be all and end all but an important tool in our kit for creating a dialogue with parents and colleagues about a child. However the tool must be manageable and managed well; agreed by the team as a whole school policy and it must be discussed and the ramifications for subsequent provision understood. Because this is part of the narrative, the story of a child’s journey through their life in school. And that journey, like following a map could take them anywhere!
I forgot I wrote this. Twelve years ago I was Deputy Head at Berkhamsted Collegiate Prep School (now Berkhamsted Prep School). I was writing a blogpost on a site I created for a group of us who had met at an IAPS Aspiring Heads conference.
The post was written at the time when “Citizenship Education” was being discussed as the next thing to introduce to young people; aiming to develop character and values that would provide them with firm foundations in their lives ahead. It was this point – the impact on the children’s lives in the future along with the need to develop whole school culture that lead me to ask the questions:
How are we to educate for future responsibility? My Year 6 classes or my 1W RE form are not simply the 6- or 11-year-olds in front of me now. They are the voting 20-somethings or parents with purchasing power in 10 or 20 years time. So these future-adults must be able to participate in an environment which instills core values of kindness, care, humility and self-confidence. Surely school management issues and not merely to be stuffed away as a subject within the curriculum?
Throughout my career, from Environmental Education in Florida to Prep School Headship, I have sought ways to manifest a social and environmental responsibility in school curriculum and culture. Having established the principles of Education for Social Responsibility in IAPS 5 years ago, I was delighted to find this post. I was equally delighted to realise that I have remained consistent in the intervening dozen years or so with this from January 2017…
What we are aiming to do is to equip children – or perhaps more accurately the future adults who these children will become – with the mental tools to feel confident, capable and unafraid. Happy to learn to cope with and overcome any challenge that they face; to enjoy, and above all relish, the opportunity to try something easy as well as hard.
Now, after 12 years, it is a pleasure to be working in schools that fully embrace the development of virtues, values and character and its impact on outcomes. ‘Twas ever thus, of course, yet the time for antipathy and derision is over. We understand instinctively that focusing on behaviours and attitudes to learning leads to improvement. I am delighted that we can now give full vent to our passions and create schools and school systems that grow stronger and more successful communities.
I have written about the “equipment” that we need to take with us on our journey through life. Whichever metaphor we choose, ensuring that we have the best personal, mental and physical tools enables us to face and overcome challenges now and in the future.
Schools can get locked into rigid thinking through systems that are introduced as whole school initiatives. However, greater value is found in exploring the variety of ways that we can get children to think and behave more intelligently. This flexibility of thinking as a staff team, itself an intelligent behaviour (we model for the children!), leads to varied opportunities for them to tackle learning more effectively and successfully in the classroom, in PE and in the playground – and life in general.
Here are some of the techniques used throughout my school:
- 3B4Me. In the Early Years this is called Stop, Think, Act. Before you go to the teacher for help, there are three steps you can take: Have you thought carefully about the problem? If you are still stuck, have you looked in a book for help or clues? If you are still stuck, have you asked a friend? If you are still stuck after these three steps, then you can ask the teacher. And even then, they may not tell you the answer…
- Open Questions. They may not tell you the answer because they will use open questions: how, what, when, where, who and why. A question with any of these words at the start immediately engages any of us, children included, in deeper thinking and encourages wider use of language to describe what we know and therefore construct our learning – and that bit of educational psychology I’ll save for another day!
- Positive Psychology. Not fluffy psycho-babble, but a contemporary branch of research that has brought about success for people by developing high positive emotion, engagement, meaning and good relationships. By focusing on strengths and what can be done to improve what needs developing we will all flourish.
- WWW and EBI. “What Went Well” and “Even Better If”. Using positive psychology in the classroom is straightforward. Asking children these two questions about their learning allows them to identify strengths and areas for development in their own and, in peer assessment, other’s work. It leads to far more rapid progress and much better understanding.
- The power of “yet”. “I can’t draw…yet”. “I can’t do take-away sums…yet.” By establishing a growth mindset, regcognising that challenges can be overcome eventually, enables staff and children to work on the steps to reach any goal. These steps may be few or many, but by setting achievable goals and knowing how to get there, learning becomes far more secure.
- Regular feedback and assessment for learning. Thorough engagement occurs between pupil and staff through marking books, tutorials, parent-teacher meetings, transparency and our professional authority. This granular approach to understanding pupil progress coupled with more objective measures of progress means that we can know the children exceptionally well.
And before you think we have entered the rabbit hole, there are more techniques at our disposal and sometimes those well-used, traditional methods, like actually telling children what to do, work very well indeed.
We are equipping children with an intellectual toolbox which requires something for every eventuality, from thinking independently to listening to someone more wise teach, and everything in between.
We are excited about these and many other ideas that find their way into the classroom to enhance learning experiences. Because we are all learners here.